Amblyopia Specialist

Insight Eye Care

Optometrists located in Williamsville, NY & Lockport, NY

You might be more familiar with the term lazy eye than the condition’s medical name, amblyopia, but whatever you call it, it could seriously affect your child’s quality of life. The expert team of optometrists at Insight Eye Care, in Williamsville and Lockport, New York, can assess your child for amblyopia even if there are no visible signs, and provide effective therapy programs to restore your child’s vision. Call Insight Eye Care today to schedule your child’s eye exam, or book an appointment online.

Amblyopia

What is amblyopia?

Amblyopia is the medical term for lazy eye, which is a problem in the central vision of one eye. Amblyopia is a developmental problem that isn’t related to eye health but occurs because of functional issues that mean your child doesn’t use their eyes equally.

If a child’s brain consistently receives a blurry image from one eye and a clear image from the other, it ignores the blurry image. If nothing is done to correct the blurring, vision in that eye continues to deteriorate over time. Amblyopia typically develops in children before the age of 6.

What causes amblyopia?

Problems in the focus of one eye that lead to amblyopia could have several causes. There might be a significant difference in nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism between your child’s eyes, or their eyes may be misaligned.

One eye may turn in or out instead of lining up with the other, which is a condition called strabismus (crossed eyes). If your child has strabismus, they won’t be able to focus both eyes together, which means they see double, and often develop amblyopia.

In some cases, children develop amblyopia because there’s something preventing light from entering their eye correctly, such as a cataract or some blood or tissue.

How is amblyopia diagnosed?

Your optometrist can diagnose amblyopia during your child’s routine eye exam, during which they check that:

  • Nothing is blocking the entry of light into either eye
  • Both eyes move together as they should
  • The vision in both eyes is equal

Although amblyopia is known as lazy eye, because it can cause one eye to be noticeably misaligned compared with the other, you shouldn’t assume everything is fine just because your child’s eyes look OK to you.

How is amblyopia treated?

The first stage in treating amblyopia is to address any problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or a cataract.

Once these issues are settled, your optometrist can help your child with a combination of:

  • Prescription eyeglasses
  • Prisms
  • Vision therapy to retrain the weak eye
  • Wearing an eye patch over the strong eye to build up strength in the weak eye

Having an eye exam with the expert optometrists at Insight Eye Care is the only way to be sure your child’s eyes are healthy and functioning correctly. Diagnosing amblyopia early is essential in being able to treat your child successfully, so book your child’s eye exam today by calling the clinic or using the online booking tool.